Harris N, Gorelik A, Gibson RN et al.
Department of Radiology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.
Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology. Feb 2017.
Targeted ultrasound of the liver (TUSL) has been proposed as a new approach in chronic liver disease to meet the increasing demands on ultrasound services in this patient population. This study analyses the impact of TUSL on examination time.Retrospective cohort analysis of time taken to perform liver ultrasound on consecutive chronic liver disease patients pre- (n = 230) and post- (n = 147) introduction of TUSL. Within each cohort, patients were subdivided into three categories based on the clinical indication: Group 1. hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance; Group 2. detection of cirrhosis, fibrosis or fatty liver; Group 3. detection of portal hypertension. The primary outcome was difference in examination time in the pre- and post-intervention groups.Introduction of TUSL led to 49% reduction in examination time (median (Q1-Q3) 23.7 (16.7-36.2) min in pre-TUSL period vs 12.1 (6.4-19.5) min in post, P < 0.001) and it was consistent across all three clinical indication groups (gr1: median 23.1 minutes vs 8.1 minutes (P < 0.001), gr2: 23.0 minutes vs 14.3 minutes (P < 0.001), gr3: 32.2 minutes vs 15.3 minutes (P = 0.006)). After the adjustment for clinical indication and sonographer's experience, impact of TUSL on time reduction remained significant with a 66.6% time reduction (95% CI 53.6 to 79.5).Targeted ultrasound of the liver improves efficiency of chronic liver disease ultrasound with halving of examination times and consequently has the potential to greatly improve resource utilization. Pubmed