Contemporary damage control surgery outcomes: 80 patients with severe abdominal injuries in the right upper quadrant analyzed.

Hommes M, Chowdhury S, Visconti D et al.

Department of Surgery, Trauma Centre, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

European journal of trauma and emergency surgery : official publication of the European Trauma Society. Feb 2017.

Damage control laparotomy (DCL) is a well-established surgical strategy in the management of the severely injured abdominal trauma patients. The selection of patients by intra-abdominal organs involvement for DCL remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the injury to the abdominal organs that causing severe metabolic failure, needing DCL.Severely injured abdominal trauma patients with a complex pattern of injuries were reviewed over a 52-month period. They were divided into DCL and definitive repair (DR) group according to the operative strategy. Factors identifying patients who underwent a DCL were analyzed and evaluated.Twenty-five patients underwent a DCL, and 55 patients had DR. Two patients died before or during surgery. The number and severity of overall injuries were equally distributed in the two groups of patients. Patients who underwent a DCL presented more frequently hemodynamically unstable (p = 0.02), required more units of blood (p < 0.0001) and intubation to secure the airway (p < 0.0001). The onset of metabolic failure was more profound in these group of patients than DR group. The mean Basedeficit was - 7.0 and - 3.8, respectively, (p = 0.003). Abdominal vascular (p = 0.001) and major liver injuries (p = 0.006) were more frequently diagnosed in the DCL group. The mortality, complications (p < 0.0001), hospital (p < 0.0001), and ICU stay (p < 0.009) were also higher in patients with DCL.In severely injured with an intricate pattern of injuries, 31% of the patients required a DCL with 92% survival rate. Severe metabolic failure following significant liver and abdominal vascular injuries dictates the need for a DCL and improves outcome in the current era. Pubmed

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