Bushyhead D, Goldberg D, et al.
Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Current hepatology reports. Mar 2017.
The purpose of this article is to review recent literature regarding the use of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive donor livers in liver transplantation. Given the prevalence of HCV-positive patients on the waitlist coupled with high waitlist mortality, use of HCV-positive livers may be a means to meet patient needs. This review seeks to primarily answer the following questions: can HCV-positive livers be used safely and effectively? Are new direct acting antiviral medications safe and effective in HCV-positive liver recipients?Use of HCV-positive donor livers for liver transplantation in HCV-positive recipients is increasing. These donor livers have equivalent patient and graft survival when compared to HCV-negative donor livers in HCV-positive liver transplant recipients. Recent studies suggest that use of direct acting antiviral medications in HCV-positive liver transplant recipients can be successful, although there is insufficient data for their use in recipients of HCV-positive donor livers.HCV-positive donor livers may be safely and effectively used in HCV-positive liver transplant recipients. Direct acting antiviral medications appear safe and effective in HCV-positive liver transplant recipients, but data on their efficacy in HCV-positive liver transplant recipients are limited. Future research should focus on the use of HCV-positive donor livers in HCV-negative liver transplant recipients.