Hirayama Y, Nakanishi R, Maeshige N et al.
Department of Rehabilitation Science, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe, Japan.
Physiological reports. Feb 2017.
Physical inactivity leads to muscle atrophy and capillary regression in the skeletal muscle. Intermittent loading during hindlimb unloading attenuates the muscle atrophy, meanwhile the capillary regression in the skeletal muscle is not suppressed. Nucleoprotein has antioxidant capacity and may prevent capillary regression. Therefore, we assessed the combined effects of intermittent loading with nucleoprotein supplementation on capillary regression induced by hindlimb unloading. Five groups of rats were assigned: control (CON), 7 days hindlimb unloading (HU), HU plus nucleoprotein supplementation (HU + NP), intermittent loading during HU (HU + IL), and intermittent loading combined with nucleoprotein supplementation during HU (HU + IL + NP). Seven days HU resulted in decrease in capillary number-to-fiber number (C/F) ratio accompanied with disuse-associated changes in fetal liver kinase-1 (Flk-1), a proangiogenesis factor, and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), an antiangiogenesis factor, in the soleus muscle. In addition, citrate synthase (CS) activity was decreased and protein level of superoxide dismutase (SOD)-2 was increased. Neither nucleoprotein supplementation nor intermittent loading prevented the decrease in the C/F ratio, whereas nucleoprotein supplementation combined with intermittent loading prevented the regression of capillary during unloading. Moreover, the levels of Flk-1, TSP-1, and SOD-2 protein and the CS activity were maintained up to control levels. These results suggested that nucleoprotein supplementation combined with intermittent loading was effective to prevent capillary regression induced by muscle atrophy.