Animal Models for Associating Liver Partition and Portal Vein Ligation for Staged Hepatectomy (ALPPS): Achievements and Future Perspectives.

Budai A, Fulop A, Hahn O et al.

Hepato-Pancreatico-Biliary (HPB) Surgical Research Center Hungary, 1st Department of Surgery, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

European surgical research. Europaische chirurgische Forschung. Recherches chirurgicales europeennes. Mar 2017.

Since 2012, Associated Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been standing in the limelight of modern liver surgery and numerous questions have been raised regarding this novel approach. On the one hand, ALPPS has proved to be a valuable method in the treatment of hepatic tumors, while on the other hand, there are many controversies, such as high mortality and morbidity rates. Further surgical research is essential for a better understanding of underlying mechanisms and for enhancing patient safety.Until recently, only 8 animal models have been created with the purpose to mimic ALPPS-induced liver regeneration. From these 7 are rodent (6 rat and 1 mouse) models, while only 1 is a large animal model, which uses pigs. In case of rodent models, portal flow deprivation of 75-90% is achieved via portal vein ligation leaving only the right (20-25%) or left median (10-15%) lobes portally perfused, while liver splitting in general is carried out positioned according to the falciform ligament. As for the swine model, the left lateral and medial lobes (70-75% of total liver volume) are portally ligated, and the right lateral lobe (accounting for 20-24% of the parenchyma) is partially resected in order to reach critical liver volume. Each model is capable of reproducing the accelerated liver regeneration seen in human cases. However, all species have significantly different liver anatomy compared with the human anatomic situation, making clinical translation somewhat difficult. Key Messages: Unfortunately, there are no perfect animal models available for ALPPS research. Small animal models are inexpensive and well suited for basic research, but may only provide limited translational potential to humans. Clinically large animal models may provide more relevant data, but currently no suitable one exists.


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