Aguilera MI, Pino EJ, et al.
Conference proceedings : … Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference. Aug 2016.
This paper consists of the design and construction of an intraoperative peritoneal lavage device. It is intended for cleaning the intra-abdominal cavity during a surgical procedure, once the etiology of a peritonitis has been identified and treated. Its purpose is to improve the current standard treatment consisting of simple pouring saline solution. A good washing procedure aids stopping the inflammatory and infectious process generated after the contamination due to the perforation of a hollow viscera. COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to simulate the biomechanical behavior of the liver against localized pressure. A graphical interface allows the user to predict liver deformation under different fluid pressures and positions simulating the lavage procedure. A preliminary prototype was implemented and a clinical trial was approved in an animal model. Three intraperitoneal structures belonging to a sheep were analyzed to observe the effect of the lavage. In closing, the final prototype implemented delivers a maximum force of 0.08 [N] and a pressure of 25.6 [kPa], and complied with the specialist’s expectations.