A multiscale, model-based analysis of the multi-tissue interplay underlying blood glucose regulation in type I diabetes.

Wadehn F, Schaller S, Eissing T et al.

Conference proceedings : … Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference. Aug 2016.

A multiscale model for blood glucose regulation in diabetes type I patients is constructed by integrating detailed metabolic network models for fat, liver and muscle cells into a whole body physiologically-based pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (pBPK/PD) model. The blood glucose regulation PBPK/PD model simulates the distribution and metabolization of glucose, insulin and glucagon on an organ and whole body level. The genome-scale metabolic networks in contrast describe intracellular reactions. The developed multiscale model is fitted to insulin, glucagon and glucose measurements of a 48h clinical trial featuring 6 subjects and is subsequently used to simulate (in silico) the influence of geneknockouts and drug-induced enzyme inhibitions on whole body blood glucose levels. Simulations of diabetes associated gene knockouts and impaired cellular glucose metabolism, resulted in elevated whole body blood-glucose levels, but also in a metabolic shift within the cell’s reaction network. Such multiscale models have the potential to be employed in the exploration of novel drug-targets or to be integrated into control algorithms for artificial pancreas systems.

Pubmed

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