Fukui T, Nakamura K, Sakatani T et al.
The Department of Urology, Kurashiki Central Hospital.
Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica. Feb 2017.
We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of low-dose estramustine phosphate (EMP) monotherapy in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We administered EMP at 140 or 280 mg/day to 89 patients between January 2003 and December 2012. None of the patients were receiving concomitant dexamethasone and none had ever been treated with docetaxel. Fifty-three patients (59.6%) experienced a decline in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, including 20 (22.5%) with a decline of more than 50%. The median time to PSA progression was 90 days. PSA-progression-free survival was significantly longer in patients treated with EMP 140 mg compared with patients treated with EMP 280 mg, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two groups. The most frequent toxicities were nausea and anorexia. Two patients had grade 3 adverse events of pulmonary embolism and liver dysfunction. EMP treatment was discontinued in nine patients (10.1%) because of side effects (nausea and anorexia in 7, liver dysfunction and lacunar infarction in 1). Low-dose EMP monotherapy is well tolerated and can effectively reduce PSA levels.