Unusual Indications for a Liver Transplant: A Single-Center Experience.

Akdur A, Kirnap M, Ayvazoglu Soy EH et al.

Department of General Surgery, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey.

Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation. Feb 2017.

This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of liver transplant for unusual liver diseases.The results of 476 patients who underwent liver transplant from 1988 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Two hundred forty-five of them were adult patients and 231 of them were pediatric. Thirty-one patients had unusual liver disease.Of the 31 patients with unusual liver disease, 9 (29%) were adult and 22 (71%) were pediatric patients. In the pediatric group, indications for liver transplant were Alagille syndrome (n = 5), Crigler-Najjar syndrome type 1 (n = 5), glycogen storage disease (n = 3), oxalosis (n = 3), familial hypercholesterolemia (n = 2), alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (n = 2), Caroli disease (n = 1), and cystic neuroblastoma metastasis (n = 1). Six patients (27.2%) had acute rejection episodes and were successfully treated with pulse steroids. In 2 patients, retransplant was performed for chronic rejection. Three patients died during follow-up (13.6%): 2 because of sepsis and 1 because of cranial hemorrhage. In the adult group, indications for liver transplant were neuroendocrine tumor metastasis (n = 1), liver angiosarcoma (n = 1), familial hypercholesterolemia (n = 2), alveolar hydatid disease (n = 2), cystic fibrosis (n = 1), congenital hepatic fibrosis (n = 1), and oxalosis (n = 1). Four patients (44.4%) had acute rejection episodes and were successfully treated with pulse steroid therapy. One patient died due to the recurrence of primary disease (liver angiosarcoma) during follow-up (11.1%).Advances in liver transplant and our understanding about unusual liver disease have led to significant improvements in managing these diseases. Liver transplant effectively treats the underlying defect and the complications of portal hypertension, or risk of malignancy for those disorders, in which the liver is affected.


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