Usefulness of 3D balanced turbo-field-echo MR sequence evaluating the branching pattern of the intrahepatic bile ducts: comparison with drip infusion CT cholangiography.

Ogawa M, Ozawa Y, Ohta K et al.

Department of Radiology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1, Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, 467-8601, Japan.

Abdominal radiology (New York). Mar 2017.

For liver surgery, it is crucial to preoperatively examine the course of the right posterior bile duct. While MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) can only visualize the bile ducts, 3D balanced turbo-field-echo (BTFE) sequence clearly depicts the bile ducts and portal veins as well as drip infusion CT cholangiography (DIC-CT), without contrast media. We evaluated whether BTFE could substitute for DIC-CT.Thirty patients undergoing MRCP and BTFE on 1.5-T MR and DIC-CT were evaluated. Two readers retrospectively evaluated the branching pattern (supra-type: A-C or infra-type: D-E) and scored the degree of confidence and motion artifacts using a 3-point scale for the three 2-mm-thick reconstructed images.The bile duct diameter did not differ between DIC-CT and MRCP (p = 0.07). Five patients (17%) had intrahepatic biliary dilatation (>3 mm). The A, B, C, D, and E types were diagnosed in 21, 6, 1, 1, and 1 patient, respectively (28 supra-types and 2 infra-types) on DIC-CT. For DIC-CT, MRCP, and BTFE, the mean motion artifact scores were 3.0/3.0, 2.7/2.6, and 2.9/2.8, respectively. The mean diagnostic confidence scores were 2.9/2.9, 2.4/2.4, and 2.9/2.8, respectively, with no difference between DIC-CT and BTFE. The concordance between DIC-CT and BTFE was high (infra- or supra-type: κ = 1.00/1.00, A-E: κ = 0.86/0.66), but it was poor between DIC-CT and MRCP (infra- or supra-type: κ = 0.35/-0.05, A-E: κ = 0.33/0.41) for both readers.Similar to DIC-CT, the BTFE MR sequence had high diagnostic accuracy regarding the branching pattern of the intrahepatic bile duct, especially for the supra/infraportal type.


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