Reduced Klotho expression contributes to poor survival rates in human patients with ovarian cancer, and overexpression of Klotho inhibits the progression of ovarian cancer partly via the inhibition of systemic inflammation in nude mice.

Yan Y, Wang Y, Xiong Y et al.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Boai Hospital of Zhongshan of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 528403, P.R. China.

Molecular medicine reports. Feb 2017.

Klotho is a recently discovered anti‑aging gene, which has been reported as a tumor suppressor in numerous human malignancies; however, the role of Klotho in human ovarian cancer remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to detect the expression of Klotho and evaluate its association with the progression of human ovarian cancer. A clinical follow‑up study of 120 patients with ovarian cancer and 78 normal controls was conducted. The expression levels of Klotho were determined by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The results demonstrated that high Klotho expression levels were detected in all normal controls, whereas the positive rate of Klotho was 61.6% in the ovarian cancer group, which was significantly decreased compared with in the control group (P<0.01). Furthermore, reduced Klotho expression was significantly correlated with decreased survival rates in patients with ovarian cancer (P=0.025). Subsequently, Klotho levels were detected in seven human ovarian cancer cell lines by western blotting. The results demonstrated that the highest levels of Klotho were detected in CaOV3 cells, medium levels of Klotho were detected in CaOV4 and SKOV‑3 cells, and almost no Klotho was detected in the other four cell lines: OVCA 432, OVCAR‑5, OVCAR‑8 and A2780 cells. The association between Klotho levels and cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay, and the results indicated that higher levels of Klotho inhibited the proliferation of A2780 and OVCAR‑5 cells, whereas reduced Klotho expression promoted cell growth of CaOV3 and SKOV‑3 cells. In addition, the plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines in tumor‑bearing mice and normal control mice were detected by enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assay, and plasma interleukin (IL)‑6 and IL‑1β levels were elevated in all tumor‑bearing mice. Notably, the mRNA expression levels of IL‑6 were significantly higher in the liver, ovaries and kidneys of Klotho‑/‑ mice compared with in wild type mice (P<0.01), thus indicating that aberrant Klotho expression may contribute to systemic inflammation in Klotho‑/‑ mice. Finally, the in vivo antitumor role of aberrant Klotho expression was determined in a nude mice model. A2780 cells were transfected with pCMV6‑Klotho and the stably transfected cells were screened; the mice were injected with the stably transfected cells. The results indicated that tumor volume and tumor weight were significantly decreased in the pCMV6‑Klotho group compared with in the pCMV6 vector group (P<0.01). These findings suggest that overexpression of Klotho may suppress tumor growth in animal models. In conclusion, Klotho was demonstrated to act as a potent tumor suppressor in human ovarian cancer cells. Reduced Klotho expression was detected in the specimens of patients with ovarian cancer, and overexpression of Klotho significantly inhibited cell proliferation of human ovarian cancer cells. Therefore, Klotho may be considered a useful key target for the molecular therapy of human ovarian cancer. Pubmed

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