Burstow NJ, Mohamed Z, Gomaa AI et al.
Liver Unit, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, UK.
International journal of general medicine. 2017.
Chronic hepatitis C infection affects millions of people worldwide and confers significant morbidity and mortality. Effective treatment is needed to prevent disease progression and associated complications. Previous treatment options were limited to interferon and ribavirin (RBV) regimens, which gave low cure rates and were associated with unpleasant side effects. The era of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapies began with the development of first-generation NS3/4A protease inhibitors in 2011. They vastly improved outcomes for patients, particularly those with genotype 1 infection, the most prevalent genotype globally. Since then, a multitude of DAAs have been licensed for use, and outcomes for patients have improved further, with fewer side effects and cure rates approaching 100%. Recent regimens are interferon-free, and in many cases, RBV-free, and involve a combination of DAA agents. This review summarizes the treatment options currently available and discusses potential barriers that may delay the global eradication of hepatitis C.