[Correlation between the mRNA expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and apparent diffusion coefficient on diffusion-weighted imaging in rats’ liver fibrosis].

Zhan Y, Liang X, Han X et al.

Department of Radiology, Affiliated Haikou Hospital, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Haikou 570208, China.

Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences. Feb 2017.

To explore the correlation between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and mRNA expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in different stages of liver fibrosis in rats.
 Methods: A model of liver fibrosis in rats was established by intraperitoneal injection of high-fat diet combined with porcine serum. After drug administration for 4 weeks, 48 rats served as a model group and 12 rats served as a control group, then they underwent diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) scanning. The value of ADC was calculated at b value=800 s/mm2. The rats were sacrificed and carried out pathologic examination after DWI scanning immediately. The mRNA expression of TIMP-1 was detected by real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The rats of hepatic fibrosis were also divided into a S0 group (n=4), a S1 group (n=11), a S2 group (n=12), a S3 group (n=10), and a S4 group (n=9) according to their pathological stage. The value of ADC and the expression of TIMP-1 mRNA among the different stage groups of liver fibrosis were compared, and the correlation between ADC and the TIMP-1 mRNA were analyzed.
 Results: The ADC value and the TIMP-1 mRNA expression were significantly different between the control group and the liver fibrosis group (F=46.54 and 53.87, P<0.05). There were significant differences in the value of ADC between every two groups (all P<0.05), except the control group vs the S1 group, the S1 group vs the S2 group, and the S2 group vs the S3 group (all P>0.05). For the comparison of TIMP-1 mRNA, there was no significant difference between the S1 group and the S2 group, the S3 group and the S4 group (both P>0.05). There were significant differences among the rest of the groups (all P<0.05). Rank correlation analysis showed that there was a negative correlation between the ADC value and the TIMP-1 mRNA expression (r=-0.76, P<0.01).
 Conclusion: When the value of ADC decreases in the progress of rats' liver fibrosis, the mRNA expression of TIMP-1 increases gradually, and there is a negative correlation between them. Pubmed

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