Comparative characteristics of quantitative indexes for 18F-FDG uptake and metabolic volume in sequentially obtained PET/MRI and PET/CT.

Lee SJ, Paeng JC, Goo JM et al.

aDepartment of Nuclear Medicine, Hanyang University Medical Center Departments of bNuclear Medicine cRadiology dCancer Research Institute, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Nuclear medicine communications. Mar 2017.

The purpose of this study was to compare quantitative indexes for fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake and metabolic volume between PET/MRI and PET/CT.Sixty-six patients with solid tumors (32 with lung cancer and 34 with pancreatic cancer) who underwent sequential fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/MRI and PET/CT were retrospectively enrolled. On PET images, maximum and peak standardized uptake values (SUVmax and SUVpeak, respectively), and maximum tumor-to-liver ratio (TLRmax) were measured. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total-lesion glycolysis (TLG) with margin thresholds of 50% SUVmax and SUV 2.5 (MTV50%, MTV2.5; TLG50%, TLG2.5, respectively) were compared between PET/MRI and PET/CT, with patients classified into two groups using imaging protocol (the PET/MRI-first and PET/CT-first groups).There were significant correlations of all tested indexes between PET/MRI and PET/CT (r=0.867-0.987, P<0.001). SUVmax and SUVpeak were lower on PET/MRI regardless of imaging protocol (P<0.001 in the PET/MRI-first group). In contrast, TLRmax exhibited reverse results between the PET/MRI-first and PET/CT-first groups. MTV50% and TLG values varied between PET/MRI and PET/CT, as well as between the PET/MRI-first and PET/CT-first groups. However, MTV2.5 was relatively robust against imaging protocol and modality.There are significant correlations of the quantitative indexes between PET/MRI and PET/CT. However, uptake indexes of SUVmax and SUVpeak are lower on PET/MRI than on PET/CT, and volumetric indexes of MTV50% and TLG values also exhibited significant differences. It may be suggested that TLRmax and MTV2.5 are relatively more appropriate indexes than others when PET/MRI and PET/CT are used interchangeably. Pubmed

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