Cost-effectiveness analysis of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir in patients with chronic hepatitis C: treatment of patients with absence or mild fibrosis compared to patients with advanced fibrosis.

Buti M, Domínguez-Hernández R, Oyagüez I et al.

Liver Unit, University Hospital Vall d’Hebron and CIBERehd, Barcelona, Spain.

Journal of viral hepatitis. Mar 2017.

To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) genotype 1 (GT1) in the absence or mild fibrosis (F0-F1) versus advanced fibrosis (F2-F4), from the perspective of the Spanish Health System.A Markov model was developed to simulate disease progression, estimating costs and outcomes [life years gained, (LYG), and quality adjusted life years, (QALY)] derived from starting with LDV/SOF in patients with F0-F1 compared with F2-F4. Therapy duration was 8 weeks in non-cirrhotic patients with viral load <6 million IU/mL and 12 weeks in the remaining patients. Sustained virologic response rates were obtained from real-world cohort studies. Transition probabilities, utilities and direct costs were obtained from the literature. A 3% annual discount rate was applied to costs and outcomes. Sensitivity analyses were performed.LDV/SOF in F0-F1 patients was a dominant strategy, being more effective (19.85 LYG and 19.80 QALY) than beginning treatment in F2-F4 patients (18.63 LYG and 16.25 QALY), generating savings of €9,228 per patient (€3,661 due to disease management and monitoring). In a cohort of 1,000 patients, LDV/SOF in F0-F1 patients decreased the number of cases of decompensated cirrhosis (93%), hepatocellular carcinoma (97%) and liver-related deaths (95%) and prevented 6 liver transplants compared to initiating LDV/SOF in F2-F4 patients.In CHC treatment-naïve GT1 patients, starting treatment with LDV/SOF in patients with F0-F1 compared to those with F2-F4 increases effectiveness by 1.22 LYG and 3.55 QALY gained, reduces disease burden and it is associated with cost savings. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Pubmed