Nevzorova YA, Grossmann J, Trautwein C et al.
Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52074, Aachen, Germany. Electronic address: email@example.com.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. Feb 2017.
The natural terpenoid compound was explored in vitro and in vivo to investigate the anti-HCC properties.For our study we used Abisilin(®)- a novel natural pharmacological terpenoid compound extracted and purified from coniferous Pinaceae trees. Anti-tumorigenic properties of different concentrations of Abisilin(®) were tested on murine hepatoma Hepa 1-6 cell lines. The analysis of proliferation and apoptosis was performed using immunofluorescence microscopy, FACS and qPCR. As an in vivo approach, we tested Abisilin(®) (400mg/kg/day, 14 days, orally) in xenograft mouse models of liver cancer and investigated tumor growth, proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenesis by means of Western blotting, immunofluorescence microscopy and qPCR.Application of Abisilin(®) for 24h at a dosage ranging from 0.03 to 0.045mg significantly reduced the number of viable Hepa 1-6 cells and induced apoptotic cell death with microscopic evidence of changes in cell morphology, and positive TUNEL, cleaved caspase 3 and Annexin V/Propidium Iodide (PI) stainings. Furthermore, treatment with Abisilin(®) strongly inhibited proliferation, impaired mitosis and prompted cell cycle arrest by down-regulation of the Cyclin D1, E1 and A2 expression levels. In Hepa 1-6 xenograft in vivo model, Abisilin(®) considerably decreased the xenograft tumor size and tumor volume. Consistently with in vitro Abisilin(®) administration elicited apoptosis and inhibit proliferation in the xenograft tumor. We also found that Abisilin(®) remarkably decrease microvessel density, diminished tumor angiogenesis and reduced expression of ICAM-1. Moreover, the expression of pAMPK, a cellular energy sensor, was up-regulated after Abisilin(®) application.Anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic activity and anti-angiogenic potential of natural conifer terpenoids might turn these compounds into an attractive drug candidate for combination therapy against liver cancer.