Improved siRNA Delivery Efficiency via Solvent-Induced Condensation of Micellar Nanoparticles.

Wu J, Qu W, Williford JM et al.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 21218,UNITED STATES.

Nanotechnology. Mar 2017.

Efficient delivery of siRNA remains one of the primary challenges of RNA interference therapy. PEGylated polycationic carriers have been widely used for the condensation of DNA and RNA molecules into complex-core micelles. The PEG corona of such nanoparticles can significantly improve their colloidal stability in serum, but PEGylation of the carriers also reduces their condensation capacity, hindering the generation of micellar particles with sufficient complex stability. This presents a particularly significant challenge for packaging siRNA into complex micelles, as it has a much smaller size and more rigid chain structure than DNA plasmids. Here, we report a new method to enhance the condensation of siRNA with PEGylated linear polyethylenimine (lPEI) using organic solvent and to prepare smaller siRNA nanoparticles with a more extended PEG corona and consequently higher stability. As a proof of principle, we have demonstrated the improved gene knockdown efficiency resulting from the reduced siRNA micelle size in mouse liver following intravenous administration.